"[57][58], Hegel was born on 27 August 1770 in Stuttgart, capital of the Duchy of Württemberg in southwestern Germany. His father, Georg Ludwig, was Rentkammersekretär (secretary to the revenue office) at the court of Karl Eugen, Duke of Württemberg. Con respecto a la polis griega, el Cristianismo viene a significar, negativamente, la disolución de la vida armónica y en comunidad social. Lo que se ha llamado tesis el aspecto o momento abstracto o intelectual. A. Pelczynski and Shlomo Avineri. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, nado en Stuttgart (Baden-Württemberg) o 27 de agosto de 1770 e finado o 14 de novembro de 1831 en Berlín, foi un filósofo alemán e un importante persoeiro do idealismo alemán.Acadou gran sona no seu tempo e, aínda que influíu principalmente na tradición continental da filosofía, volveuse tamén cada vez máis influente na tradición analítica [1]. Rather than simply rejecting Kant's dualism of freedom versus nature, Hegel aims to subsume it within "true infinity", the "Concept" (or "Notion": Begriff), "Spirit" and "ethical life" in such a way that the Kantian duality is rendered intelligible, rather than remaining a brute "given". Es el espíritu del mundo o espíritu universal, la fuerza de todas las fuerzas, la profundidad de todas las profundidades. Ya habíamos hablado de que la filosofía de Hegel nacía unida a un marco histórico y social determinado, en el que Hegel denunciaba la falta de libertad del hombre. Indeed, "logic" in the field of nineteenth-century continental philosophy takes on a range of meanings from "metaphysics" to "theory of science," from "critical epistemology" to "first philosophy." This evolution was the result of God's desire for complete self-awareness. Hegel's influence was immense in philosophy and other sciences. In Hegel's draft manuscripts written during his time at the University of Jena, his notion of "Geist" was tightly bound to the notion of "Aether", from which he also derived the concepts of space and time, but in his later works (after Jena) he did not explicitly use his old notion of "Aether". God rises again to life, and thus things are reversed". El conocimiento y la autoconciencia, que todo es uno, surge c… The origin of philosophy is to be dated from Heraclitus. Here, Hegel published his Philosophy of Right (1821). In fact, Hegel himself argued, in his Science of Logic, that German was particularly conducive to philosophical thought. Deutsch: Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770–1831) war ein deutscher Philosoph. Falleció en la ciudad de Berlín (capital del Reino de Prusia) el 14 de noviembre de 1831 a los 61 años.[1]. ; 1984; 'The Significance of Hegel's separation of the state and civil society' pp1-13 in Pelczynski, A.Z. Las etapas de este autoconocimiento las describe la Fenomenología, historia del alma que deviene espíritu; mostrándolas, muestra también cómo se constituye el absoluto real, el espíritu. Schelling and Hölderlin immersed themselves in theoretical debates on Kantian philosophy, from which Hegel remained aloof. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (27. elokuuta 1770 Stuttgart – 14. marraskuuta 1831 Berliini) oli saksalainen filosofi, jonka vaikutus on luultavasti ollut vahvimmillaan metafysiikassa, historianfilosofiassa sekä poliittisessa filosofiassa.Häntä pidetään saksalaisen idealismin tärkeimpänä edustajana. En el Estado se inserta plenamente lo individual y lo universal. In 1817, Hegel published The Encyclopedia of the Philosophical Sciences in Outline as a summary of his philosophy for students attending his lectures at Heidelberg. Hegel recounted his impressions in a letter to his friend Friedrich Immanuel Niethammer: I saw the Emperor—this world-soul [Weltseele]—riding out of the city on reconnaissance. Antes de su matrimonio, Hegel había tenido un hijo ilegítimo Ludwig que acabaría viviendo en el hogar de los Hegel. Representan la ancianidad de la humanidad. Veamos ahora tres puntos fundamentales de la estructura dialéctica del conocimiento: Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (Stuttgart, 27 de agosto de 1770 - Berlín, 14 de noviembre de 1831) fue un filósofo y ensayista alemán, idealista objetivo, representante de la filosofía alemana. [124] After less than a generation, Hegel's philosophy was banned by the Prussian right-wing and was firmly rejected by the left-wing in multiple official writings. On the left, it became the foundation for Karl Marx's civil society as an economic base;[100] to the right, it became a description for all non-state (and the state is the peak of the objective spirit) aspects of society, including culture, society and politics. Para Hegel el espíritu del pueblo da plenitud al individuo. Kant spoke of Entstehen (coming-to-be) and Vergehen (ceasing-to-be), the same two terms that Hegel used to refer to the two compositional elements of Werden (becoming). El hallazgo de la subjetividad y su carácter de principio racional y libre representará para Hegel un principio rector en la organización social y política de la vida del espíritu. Para saber cómo se objetiva la libertad, es necesario saber lo que es el espíritu objetivo. német filozófus, egyetemi tanár; a klasszikus német filozófia és a német idealizmus legnagyobb és legjelentősebb képviselője. [73] Although Napoleon chose not to close down Jena as he had other universities, the city was devastated and students deserted it in droves, making Hegel's financial prospects even worse. Suele interpretarse la tesis como una afirmación cualquiera, una realidad, un concepto. Critiques of Hegel offered by the Left Hegelians radically diverted Hegel's thinking into new directions and eventually came to form a large part of the literature on and about Hegel. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel. El carácter dialéctico de la filosofía hegeliana tiene igual alcance en lo que se refiere al conocimiento o al saber conocimiento dialéctico o método dialéctico. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (Stuttgart, 27 de agosto de 1770 – Berlín, 14 de noviembre de 1831), filósofo alemán nacido en Stuttgart, Württemberg, recibió su formación en el Tübinger Stift (seminario de la Iglesia Protestante en Württemberg), donde trabó amistad con el futuro filósofo Friedrich Schelling y el poeta Friedrich Hölderlin. Martin Heidegger (trans. Tübinger Stift-ko apaizgaitegian egin zituen bere ikasketak, bertan Friedrich Schelling filosofoaren laguna egin zen. Es el primer período, la infancia de la humanidad, que se caracteriza por la ausencia de libertad. [116], Spirit is immortal; it is eternal; and it is immortal and eternal in virtue of the fact that it is infinite, that it has no such spatial finitude as we associate with the body; when we speak of it being five feet in height, two feet in breadth and thickness, that it is not the Now of time, that the content of its knowledge does not consist of these countless midges, that its volition and freedom have not to do with the infinite mass of existing obstacles, nor of the aims and activities which such resisting obstacles and hindrances have to encounter. According to their argument, although Hegel referred to "the two elemental considerations: first, the idea of freedom as the absolute and final aim; secondly, the means for realising it, i.e. Although the violence of the 1793 Reign of Terror dampened Hegel's hopes, he continued to identify with the moderate Girondin faction and never lost his commitment to the principles of 1789, which he expressed by drinking a toast to the storming of the Bastille every fourteenth of July.[64]. 105 likes. [126] Kaufmann has argued that as unlikely as it may sound, it is not the case that Hegel was unable to write clearly, but that Hegel felt that "he must and should not write in the way in which he was gifted".[127]. Hegel's State is the final culmination of the embodiment of freedom or right (Rechte) in the Elements of the Philosophy of Right. [93] In his Phenomenology of Spirit and his Science of Logic, Hegel's concern with Kantian topics such as freedom and morality and with their ontological implications is pervasive. For Hegel, analysis or comprehension of a thing or idea reveals that underneath its apparently simple identity or unity is an underlying inner contradiction. This sparked a renewed interest in Hegel reflected in the work of Herbert Marcuse, Theodor W. Adorno, Ernst Bloch, Raya Dunayevskaya, Alexandre Kojève and Gotthard Günther among others. Recent studies have questioned this paradigm. ), The Oldest Systematic Program of German Idealism, The Difference Between Fichte's and Schelling's Systems of Philosophy, Encyclopedia of the Philosophical Sciences, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel bibliography, Enzyklopädie der philosophischen Wissenschaften, Vorlesungen über de Geschichte der Philosophie, "Adam Smith's Influence on Hegel's Philosophical Writings", Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary, "Duden | He-gel | Rechtschreibung, Bedeutung, Definition", "Vorlesungen über die Geschichte der Philosophie", "MDZ-Reader – Band – Von den Beweisen für die Unsterblichkeit der menschlichen Seele im Lichte der spekulativen Philosophie / Göschel, Carl Friedrich", "Hegel and Clausewitz: Convergence on Method, Divergence on Ethics", On the Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason, « Der Instinkt der Vernünftigkeit » and other texts, Hegel, as the National Philosopher of Germany (1874), "The Life of Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel", Scans of all (original, German) books from Hegel (all editions) between 1807 and 1850 as PDFs at hegel.net, Works by or about Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Relationship between religion and science, Alliance of European Conservatives and Reformists, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Georg_Wilhelm_Friedrich_Hegel&oldid=991145833, People educated at Eberhard-Ludwigs-Gymnasium, Articles with Latin-language sources (la), Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2016, Articles needing additional references from August 2017, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2017, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Francke, Kuno, Howard, William Guild, Schiller, Friedrich, 1913–1914, This page was last edited on 28 November 2020, at 14:33. Voegelin, Eric (1972). Beginning in the 1990s after the fall of the Soviet Union, a fresh reading of Hegel took place in the West. English: Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770–1831) was a German philosopher. La filosofía de Hegel estaba insertada en un marco filosófico muy preciso. [108] Kaufmann wrote: Aside to his beloved Greeks, Hegel saw before him the example of Spinoza and, in his own time, the poetry of Goethe, Schiller, and Hölderlin, who also liked to speak of gods and the divine. Most reference books say that Hegel died of cholera. El absoluto es superación de la distinción entre sujeto y objeto, no sólo en la perspectiva clásica, sino en la del mismo idealismo alemán; a medida que existe un sujeto existe también el objeto y a la inversa, lo cual significa que todo conocimiento es autoconocimiento. This view, sometimes referred to as the "non-metaphysical option", has influenced many major English-language studies of Hegel. He formulated an early philosophical example of a disenchantment narrative, arguing that Judaism was responsible both for realizing the existence of Geist and, by extension, for separating nature from ideas of spiritual and magical forces and challenging polytheism. Tales hombres Alejandro Magno, Julio César, Napoleón no tenían necesariamente conciencia de que sus fines particulares eran sólo momentos del fin universal. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel. En torno a mí, dentro de mí la calma habita / -los atareados con su incansable ansia duermen, / proporcionándome la libertad y el ocio-, gracias a ti, libertadora mía, / ¡oh noche! 2012 Hegel: Lectures on Philosophy. being–nothingness–becoming, immediate–mediate–concrete and abstract–negative–concrete) is about this movement from inner contradiction to higher-level integration or unification. And debates about the nature of logic were intertwined with competition to inherit the mantle of Kant and with it the future direction of German philosophy. Es la etapa de la adolescencia de la humanidad. ): Texto extraído de: www.natureduca.com: Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich, Texto extraído de: www.biografiasyvidas.com: Biografía de Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Texto extraído de: www.monografias.com: GEORG WILHELM FRIEDRICH HEGEL, Texto extraído de: www.luventicus.org: Georg Wilhelm Friedrich HEGEL, https://www.ecured.cu/index.php?title=Georg_Wilhelm_Friedrich_Hegel&oldid=3803194, La teoría del idealismo absoluto, la dialéctica y la dialéctica del amo y el esclavo. In particular, Russell considered "almost all" of Hegel's doctrines to be false. The philosopher Walter Kaufmann argued that there was sharp criticism of traditional Christianity in Hegel's early theological writings. As the logical Idea is seen to unfold itself in a process from the abstract to the concrete, so in the history of philosophy the earliest systems are the most abstract, and thus at the same time the poorest...[86]. El espíritu es una conciencia no sólo del sujeto, sino también del objeto Hegel llamaba a esto conciencia de sí. Maurice Merleau-Ponty (trans. Every member loves the State with genuine patriotism, but has transcended simple "team spirit" by reflectively endorsing their citizenship. Pero el carácter dialéctico de lo real no sólo significa que tenga una relación interna, sino, más profundamente aún, que cada cosa sólo es lo que es en un proceso continuado. Es el segundo periodo, que contiene la historia del mundo grecorromano. La dialéctica constituye la naturaleza y estructura de lo real, y por ello es por lo que constituye el modo de proceder del conocimiento. Esta concepción se opone a la interpretación empírica de la experiencia. Estas condiciones son el derecho, la moralidad y la eticidad, de las cuales no vamos a hablar, que constituyen el espíritu objetivo. Македонски: Георг Вилхелм Фридрих Хегел (1770–1831) е германски философ. La dialéctica de Hegel concibe la realidad como un todo, sin que ello afecte para nada a la relativa independencia de cada cosa en su singularidad. His fame spread and his lectures attracted students from all over Germany and beyond. En la muerte de un estadio reside el motor de cambio del proceso histórico, pues lleva en sí el germen de un nuevo estadio. The individual has "substantial freedom in the state". [129], The Left Hegelians also influenced Marxism, which has in turn inspired global movements, from the Russian Revolution, the Chinese Revolution and myriad of practices up until the present moment.[129]. To his chagrin, Fries was, in the same year, made Ordinary Professor (salaried).[59]:224–25. Soon after, his illegitimate son Ludwig Fischer (now ten years old) joined the Hegel household in April 1817, having spent time in an orphanage[59]:354–55 after the death of his mother Christiana Burkhardt.[59]:356. It was spread by Heinrich Moritz Chalybäus in accounts of Hegelian philosophy and, since then, the terms have been used for this type of framework. The infinitude of spirit is its inwardness, in an abstract sense its pure inwardness, and this is its thought, and this abstract thought is a real present infinitude, while its concrete inwardness consists in the fact that this thought is Spirit. Pero con la peculiaridad de que cada uno de ellos niega y contradice al otro, dándose entre ellos una desigualdad y desajuste que de ser definitivos e insuperables harían imposible una plena verdad, desigualdad que impone un proceso de transformación en el que se tienda a la igualdad o identidad. [65] In 1799, he wrote another essay entitled "The Spirit of Christianity and Its Fate",[66] unpublished during his lifetime. Schopenhauer, Arthur. The finite has to become infinite in order to achieve reality. The more recent movement of communitarianism has a strong Hegelian influence. Hegel dice que pensar que el Estado no hace más que coartar la libertad de los individuos es pensar de forma negativa e idealista, ya que sólo el Estado es la única garantía de la libertad y de que los individuos vivan libremente. Hegel's main philosophical project was to take these contradictions and tensions and interpret them as part of a comprehensive, evolving, rational unity that in different contexts he called "the absolute Idea" (Science of Logic, sections 1781–1783) or "absolute knowledge" (Phenomenology of Spirit, "(DD) Absolute Knowledge"). [134] American neoconservative political theorist Francis Fukuyama's controversial book The End of History and the Last Man (1992) was heavily influenced by Kojève. El Estado es la perfecta expresión de la racionalidad y de la libertad, y, por tanto, representa la forma más alta del espíritu objetivo. En la relación individuo – colectividad prevalece el elemento comunidad. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel skabte en filosofisk “før og efter”-tanke i Vesteuropa og det 19. århundrede Rusland.Han var en loyal beundrer af Plato, Descartes og Kant. Hegel's categories are, in part, carried over from his Lectures on the History of Philosophy. (Hegel has been seen in the twentieth century as the originator of the thesis, antithesis, synthesis triad,[34] but as an explicit phrase it originated with Johann Gottlieb Fichte. Walter Jaeschke [de] and Otto Pöggeler in Germany as well as Peter Hodgson and Howard Kainz in the United States are notable for their recent contributions to post-Soviet Union thinking about Hegel. [92]:127–128 All three find common ground on the unique position of humans in the universe, relative to animals and inanimate objects. Uu Hegelianism ke suruu karis rahaa jon ki German Idealism ke hissa hae. The eternity of spirit is here brought into consciousness, and is found in this reasoned knowledge, in this very separation, which has reached the infinitude of being-for-self, and which is no longer entangled in what is natural, contingent, and external. Scholars continue to point out Hegelian influences in a range of theoretical and/or learned works, such as Carl von Clausewitz's book on strategic thought, On War (1831). Especially crucial are Aristotle, Immanuel Kant and Kant's immediate successors, most prominently Johann Gottlieb Fichte and Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling. El carácter dialéctico de lo real significa que cada cosa es lo que es, y sólo llega a serlo en interna relación, unión y dependencia con otras cosas y, en último término, con la totalidad de lo real. After the period of Bruno Bauer, Hegel's influence waned until the philosophy of British Idealism and the 20th-century Hegelian Western Marxism that began with György Lukács. Hegel preserved this essential Platonic and Kantian concern in the form of infinity going beyond the finite (a process that Hegel in fact related to "freedom" and the "ought"),[94]:133–136, 138 the universal going beyond the particular (in the Concept) and Spirit going beyond Nature. Hegel rendered these dualities intelligible by (ultimately) his argument in the "Quality" chapter of the "Science of Logic". Esto hizo que Hegel criticase algunas de las teorías sobre el Estado de pensadores anteriores crítica de los que piensan que el hombre era libre en el estado de naturaleza y que el Estado no hace sino coartar la libertad, y crítica de la teoría de Estado Patriarcal. Hegel's remaining two sons—Karl, who became a historian; and Immanuel [de], who followed a theological path—lived long and safeguarded their father's manuscripts and letters, and produced editions of his works. El capricho individual no es libertad. Sólo en la obediencia al Estado es el hombre verdaderamente libre. He had no diarrhoea and no swelling. Es la etapa de madurez de la Historia: todos somos libres. It profoundly impacted many future philosophical schools, including those opposed to Hegel's specific dialectical idealism, such as existentialism, the historical materialism of Marx, historism and British Idealism. This was due to (a) the rediscovery and re-evaluation of Hegel as a possible philosophical progenitor of Marxism by philosophically oriented Marxists; (b) a resurgence of Hegel's historical perspective; and (c) an increasing recognition of the importance of his dialectical method. Hegel interpretará está disolución y reducción como la reconversión del objeto en el sujeto: será, pues, en el sujeto y como sujeto como se alcance la identidad absoluta. Pertenecen a este periodo China, India, Persia, Asia Menor y Egipto. 2008. [118] However, Hegel's manuscript "The Oldest Systematic Program of German Idealism" suggests that Hegel was concerned about the perceived decline in myth and enchantment in his age, and he therefore called for a "new myth" to fill the cultural vacuum. According to Hegel, "Heraclitus is the one who first declared the nature of the infinite and first grasped nature as in itself infinite, that is, its essence as process. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (Stuttgart, actual Alemania, 1770 - Berlín, 1831): Filósofo alemán. At the age of eighteen, Hegel entered the Tübinger Stift (a Protestant seminary attached to the University of Tübingen), where he had as roommates the poet and philosopher Friedrich Hölderlin and the future philosopher Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling. La estructura y esencia de la dialéctica es un todo complejo constituido por tres momentos o aspectos implicados entre sí y es ésta la auténtica interpretación, y no que sean tesis, antítesis y síntesis términos, por otro lado, que Hegel nunca utilizó tres pasos sucesivos: Esto tres momentos de la dialéctica hegeliana están vertebrados y constituidos en una estructura cuya adecuada comprensión se alcanza mediante lo que podríamos denominar categorías fundamentales de la dialéctica: Hegel intenta comprender dialécticamente lo que ha sucedido en la historia y para ello somete y contrasta toda su armazón doctrinal con los sucesos históricos de cada época. 2K likes. [99] Broadly speaking, the term was split, like Hegel's followers, to the political left and right. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770-1831) fue uno de los filósofos más importantes de su época.De hecho, sus obras son las más difíciles de interpretar por parte de los investigadores ya que Hegel intentó abarcar la mayor cantidad de temas posibles. Kaufmann also pointed out that Hegel's references to God or to the divine and spirit drew on classical Greek as well as Christian connotations of the terms. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, nemški filozof, * 27. avgust 1770, Stuttgart, vojvodina Württemberg, Nemčija, † 14. november 1831, Berlin.. Hegel je eden najbolj znanih nemških filozofov. Hegel sees relational and metaphysical unities between Jesus and God the Father. El entendimiento para Kant sólo alcanzaba a los fenómenos, a lo finito y limitado. [146], Isaiah Berlin listed Hegel as one of the six architects of modern authoritarianism who undermined liberal democracy, along with Rousseau, Claude Adrien Helvétius, Fichte, Saint-Simon and Joseph de Maistre. From the time of Leibniz to the widespread adoption of Frege's logic in the 1930s, every standard work on logic consisted of three divisions: doctrines of concept, judgment, and inference. Admirador de Platón, Descartes y Kant, el idealismo alemán adquirió su máxima expresión con él, y lo que es más interesante, se produjo un gran avance en la teoría de la evolución de la conciencia. The precise nature of the procedural self-concretization that drives Hegel's Logic is still the subject of controversy. Y tiene esa estructura, en definitiva, porque la realidad es dialéctica y, por tanto, el conocimiento también es dialéctico, en cuanto que es una dimensión de lo real y en cuanto que se configura dialécticamente al manifestar adecuadamente la naturaleza dialéctica de la realidad. Hemos visto que para Hegel la dialéctica no se limita a ser un método del conocimiento, sino que es algo más. Biografie Familie și mediu 1770-1788. Élete. Hegel asserted that, in Heraclitus, he had an antecedent for his logic: "[...] there is no proposition of Heraclitus which I have not adopted in my logic".[102]. ); 1984; "[T]he task that touches the interest of philosophy most nearly at the present moment: to put God back at the peak of philosophy, absolutely prior to all else as the one and only ground of everything." However, Hegel interprets not-A as not existing at all, not nothing at all, which cannot be conceived, but an indeterminate or "pure" being without particularity or specificity. In a separate Canadian context, James Doull's philosophy is deeply Hegelian. No se trata tanto de la reducción del ser al pensar, cuanto de la interpretación de lo real, del ser, como Idea o Razón: Todo lo real es racional; el que lo verdadero sólo es real como sistema o el que la sustancia es esencialmente sujeto, se expresa en la representación que enuncia lo absoluto como espíritu, el concepto más elevado de todos y que pertenece a la época moderna... Sólo lo espiritual es lo real. By 14 November, Hegel was dead. She died of bilious fever (Gallenfieber) when Hegel was thirteen. In Britain, the Hegelian British idealism school (members of which included Francis Herbert Bradley, Bernard Bosanquet and in the United States Josiah Royce) was challenged and rejected by analytic philosophers Moore and Russell. The particular is never complete in itself, but in its quest to find completion continually transforms into more comprehensive, complex, self-relating particulars. La escisión entre lo finito y lo infinito mundo – Dios, Naturaleza – Espíritu. In other words, it is not enough to consider propositions, or even the content of consciousness; "it is worthwhile to ask in every instance what kind of spirit would entertain such propositions, hold such views, and have such a consciousness. "[38] Karl Barth described Hegel as a "Protestant Aquinas"[39] while Maurice Merleau-Ponty wrote that "all the great philosophical ideas of the past century—the philosophies of Marx and Nietzsche, phenomenology, German existentialism, and psychoanalysis—had their beginnings in Hegel. En la polis griega se cumplía la armonización del individuo con la sociedad: la vida del hombre nacía, se desarrollaba y moría en la vida y en el espíritu de la polis, hasta el punto de que el individuo no era nada separado de la comunidad política, social y cultural de la ciudad. His relations with his employers becoming strained, Hegel accepted an offer mediated by Hölderlin to take up a similar position with a wine merchant's family in Frankfurt in 1797. Logic, particularly the doctrine of the concept, was metaphysics; it was the search for a fundamental ontological structure within the relations of the most basic predicates (quantity, time, place etc. [141] In a similar vein, Robert Pippin notes that some view Hegel as having "the ugliest prose style in the history of the German language". Fenomenología del espíritu Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich. [59]:337, In 1811, Hegel married Marie Helena Susanna von Tucher (1791–1855), the eldest daughter of a Senator. De este modo, cada realidad particular remite a la totalidad, al todo, y sólo puede ser comprendida y explicada en relación al todo. mendeko alemaniar idealismo filosofikoaren burutzearen adierazgarri da Hegel. In 1805, the university promoted Hegel to the position of Extraordinary Professor (unsalaried) after he wrote a letter to the poet and minister of culture Johann Wolfgang Goethe protesting the promotion of his philosophical adversary Jakob Friedrich Fries ahead of him. [137] Logical positivists such as Ayer and the Vienna Circle criticized both Hegelian philosophy and its supporters, such as Bradley. Negatividad. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (/ˈheɪɡəl/;[27][28] German: [ˈɡeːɔʁk ˈvɪlhɛlm ˈfʁiːdʁɪç ˈheːɡl̩];[28][29] 27 August 1770 – 14 November 1831) was a German philosopher and the most important figure in German idealism. [110] This led Hegelian philosopher, jurist and politician Carl Friedrich Göschel (1784–1861) to write a treatise demonstrating the consistency of Hegel's philosophy with Christian doctrine on the soul's immortality (Von den Beweisen für die Unsterblichkeit der menschlichen Seele im Lichte der spekulativen Philosophie: eine Ostergabe – From the evidence of the immortality of the human soul in the light of speculative philosophy: an Easter gift) (Berlin: Verlag von Duncker und Humblot, 1835).

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